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A mosquito bite is not usually painful, but the itchiness that follows a bite can cause some discomfort. However, mosquitoes transmit harmful diseases like dengue and malaria when they bite.The number of dengue and malaria cases and fatalities reported in India over the years underlines the importance of mosquito control.

Find out the answers to these questions and more below:

  • Why do mosquitoes bite?
  • What do mosquitoes look like?
  • Why do mosquito bites itch?
  • How can i treat mosquito bites?
  • How can i prevent mosquito bites?

What is dengue fever and how is it transmitted?

Dengue fever is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. It can progress to more a deadly form of the disease known as dengue haemorrhagic fever and cause death. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 50-100 million people are infected by dengue fever every year globally and around three out of every 100 dengue infections are fatal.

Symptoms of dengue infection

The following are common symptoms of Dengue fever:

  • Sudden onset of continuous high fever
  • Red rashes on skin
  • Acute pain at the bones, muscles, joints, eye-balls and head
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting & headache
  • Bleeding from nose, gums and skin
mosquito biting human flesh

Dengue treatment

Vaccine tests are still carried out and there is no specific treatment for dengue, but appropriate medical care frequently saves the lives of patients with the more serious dengue haemorrhagic fever. See a doctor immediately for diagnosis and treatment if you experience symptoms of dengue fever.

How to avoid mosquito bites

Are you sick and tired of being bothered by annoying mosquitoes when you are enjoying your outdoor activities? Here are some simple steps that can help to reduce your chances of being bitten.

  • Avoid dark colours - Do not wear dark colours or use strong scents such as perfumes and deodorants as these attract insects.
  • Reduce exposed skin - Wear long sleeves, trousers, footwear and hats.
  • Avoid areas with water - Keep clear of slow moving or still / stagnant water.
  • Tuck trousers into socks - When hiking through brush or rough grass and avoid brushing through long grass or bushes.
mosquito bites on woman's leg

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